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Safe food preservation methods

Safe food preservation methods

Safe food preservation methods

Summer is a great time to stock up on fruits and vegetables. If you want to know how to preserve your summer harvest using simple and inexpensive methods, read on.

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Freezing

Keeping foods at a temperature of 0°F or below can prevent spoilage and preserve freshness. Most foods such as fruits, vegetables, meats, dairy, and prepared foods can be frozen.

Water-bath canning

This simple and effective method involves filling glass jars with food and submerging them in a large kettle with boiling water. The water must be heated to a temperature of 212 °F for a specific period of time. This method works great for preserving fruit, pickles, tomatoes, and other high-acid foods.

Fermentation

Fermentation involves increasing the “good” bacteria to inhibit the “bad” bacteria that usually come with food spoilage. A wide variety of foods can be fermented including fruits, vegetables, meats, seafood, legumes, grains, dairy and eggs. Fermentation does not require any special equipment and can be done at home.

Acidification

This method does not only preserve food, but also gives it a better taste. Acidification can be used with turnips, carrots, leeks, kale, beets, green bean, cauliflower, peppers, asparagus, zucchini, and many other foods. Any vinegar flavor can be used and flavors such as balsamic, apple cider, and champagne give a great taste to food.

Drying

Drying food is a great way to remove moisture that can attract bacteria. Using an electric dehydrator is the best method for drying, but an oven set on low can get the job done.

Cellaring

Cellaring involves the storage of food in a dark, cool environment. Cellaring works for a wide variety of foods especially vegetables, grains, nuts, and cured meats.

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